Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms,Treatments

Diabetes is very common in today’s time. Diabetes is taking hold very fast in the way it has become a lifestyle nowadays. The situation is that not only older people but in today’s time youth and children are also falling prey to diabetes. This is such a dangerous disease, which gradually hollows the body. Once this disease occurs, it remains with it for life. This disease occurs due to increased blood sugar and insulin does not work properly. That is, it also has to face many types of problems. what are symptoms of diabetes, it is the  of questions of people’s. Today we are giving you every information related to this disease. 

Causes of diabetes:

■ Failure of Pancreas gland:

You must be aware that due to non- functioning or complete failure of the pancreas gland of our body, diabetes occurs. Although there are many other factors of diabetes, but the pancreas gland is the biggest reason for it. Actually, different types of hormones are released from the pancreas gland, among these are insulin and glucan. Insulin is very useful for our body. It is through insulin that our cells get sugar in our blood.  insulin works to deliver sugar to other parts of the body. Insulin transfer energy to the cells or cells get from the sugar. The cause of diabetes is insulin hormoneless construction. When insulin is less, sugar does not reach the cells properly and in the blood, due to which the energy of the cells starts decreasing and for this reason the body starts harming. Problems such as fainting, rapid heartbeat, etc.

Apart from this, these 3 reasons are also responsible for having diabetes.

■ Decrease in insulin production:

Due to low production of insulin cause  diabetes. the sugar in the blood becomes high because due to less physical energy, sugar keeps accumulating in the blood so that it is excreted through urine. For this reason, the patient has frequent urination.

■ Diabetes due to genetic:

The main reason for the occurrence of diabetes is also genetic. If any of your family members, parents, siblings, then you also have an increased risk of getting diabetes in future.

■ Over weight (fat)

People who are obese are also at higher risk of developing diabetes. If your weight is very high, your BP is very high and your cholesterol is not balanced then you can still have diabetes. Apart from this, lack of exercise also invites diabetes.

What are the symptoms of diabetes ?

Do you know what diabetes can cause ?  These are some effects which seen dunring diabetes.

● Weakness feeling:

You will feel tired all day. Even after getting enough sleep every day, as soon as you wake up in the morning.  you feel that your sleep is not complete and the body is tired. These things indicate that the level of sugar in the blood is continuously increasing.

● Frequent Urination:

Frequent urination occurs due to diabetes. When a large amount of sugar accumulates in the body, it comes out the urinary tract, due to which the diabetic patient starts complaining of frequent urination.

● Feeling thirsty: 

A diabetic patient often feels thirsty. Since the water and sugar of the body comes out through the urine, due to which there is always a state of feeling thirsty. People often take this thing lightly and do not understand that their disease has started now.

● Blurred Vision:

The onset of diabetes has a great impact on the eyes. In a diabetic patient , at the very beginning of the disease, the eyesight starts decreasing and blurred vision starts. To see any object, he has to strain his eyes. 

● Weight loss in early stage

At the very beginning of diabetes, sudden weight loss starts rapidly. Compared to normal days, the weight of a man suddenly starts decreasing. 

● Increase of appetite:

The weight of a diabetic patient is less but there is also an increase in appetite. Man’s appetite increases manifold as compared to other days. There is a desire to eat food again and again.

● Delayed cure  of wound or injury:

If you get an injury or a wound somewhere in your body and it does not heal quickly, even if there is a small scratch, it will gradually turn into a big wound and the symptoms of infection will start to be clearly visible in it. 

● Take longer time for infection treatment:

Take more time to cure any kind of infection in the body of a diabetic patient. If you get viral, cold or any bacterial infection, then you will not get relief. Small infections that easily heal on their own can become large sores. 

● Skin diseases appear:

Many skin diseases start occurring in the beginning of diabetes. Common skin infections become large sores.

■ Causes retinopathy: 

Diabetes cause infection on eyes. It damagea the retina.

What are the essential test for diabetes?

How to diagnosed diabetes? These are the test which helps to determine the diabetes.

■ Glucose test:

People who are suffering from diabetes must get their glucose tested from time to time. Because if the glucose level of a diabetic patient increases, then it can be very dangerous for the patient. Along with this, blood test is also necessary for diabetics, it shows whether the kidneys are working properly or not. Diabetes has a great effect on the kidney. Keeps the patient away from kidney problems with regular check-ups.

■ Cholesterol Test:

Ignoring Cholesterol can also be very costly. Because in diabetics, the risk of heart disease doubles when cholesterol increases. The amount of glucose in the blood can slow down the movement of bad cholesterol, due to which it becomes sticky and this is the reason why cholesterol starts building up rapidly. Bad cholesterol accumulates in the arteries of the blood and causes problems related to the heart.

■ High blood pressure testing : 

It is similar to the ‘silent killer’. High blood pressure in diabetics can prove to be quite fatal. High blood pressure in diabetes can also lead to heart disease, heart attack, kidney and eye problems. To avoid all this, it is important that you get your blood pressure checked regularly. 

■ Foot examination:

Patients with diabetes may have foot problems. If there is any problem of feet in diabetes, it should be taken seriously because in this the sensitivity of the feet starts decreasing gradually. Therefore, the smallest injury to the feet can be dangerous for the infected patients.

■ Retina testing:

When the level of glucose in the blood remains elevated for a long time, its direct effect falls on the retina. This is called retinopathy. The damage caused to the eyes is not easily detected, for this it is necessary for the patient to have regular necessary for the patient to have regular check-ups. If retinopathy is not treated early, the patient can also become blind. Sometimes a diabetic patient has blurred vision. In this case, contact the doctor immediately

What are the treatment of Diabetes?

■ Changing  lifestyle :

Diabetes is a disease whose treatment is not dependent on any medicine. It is a lifestyle related disease and you can get rid of this disease only by changing your lifestyle. People who are not serious even after suffering from diabetes. They do not stop eating sweets, are fond of fast food, do not pay attention to increasing weight, do not exercise or do yoga, drink alcohol and eat sweets. It becomes very difficult to live for those people who do not stop. Whereas if the patient is serious about his disease and makes necessary changes in his lifestyle, then it is possible to get rid of diabetes.

Diabetes: causes, symptoms, treatment

■ How to prevent diabetes by eating a diet low in calories?

Especially low in saturated fat, you can protect yourself from becoming vulnerable to diabetes. Include vegetables, fresh fruits, whole grains, dairy products and sources of omega-3 fats in your diet. Apart from this, consume more amount of fiber as well.

The more you stress, the more likely you are to follow unhealthy habits. According to researches that due to stress causes Inhibition of hormones  secretion and this increases the level of blood glucose. So try ways to avoid stress.

■ Regular health check-up 

There is no evidence that diabetes can be permanently prevented. As you age, your risk of high blood pressure, heart disease and other health problems that are associated with diabetes also increases. Therefore, after the age of 45, it is important to have regular complete health check-ups every year.

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